The Hansaviertel, between Tiergarten and Moabit, was one of the most devastated neighborhoods in Berlin at the end of World War II, so devastated to provide a unique opportunity for planners to rebuild an entire area from scratch.
In '53 the city sets an international competition for the design of a large residential area surrounded by green areas, to represent the supremacy of the West against the DDR construction project of Stalinalle (today Karl-Marx Allee).
It was completely rebuilt at the IBA (Internationale Bauausstellung - International Building Show in 1957).
Architects as Walter Gropius, Alvar Aalto, and Arne Jacobsen were invited to design and build the district in the style of modern architecture, along with various sculptors such as Henry Moore.

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